CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2024 Download in PDF

CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2024 Download in PDF

CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2024 is given below: Physics is a subject that studies natural phenomena. It deals with three main branches- electromagnetism, optics, and mechanics. Physics studies forces, energy, waves, sound, light, heat, magnetism, and electricity. This section will give you the complete class 12 physics syllabus.

Physics is the study of matter and energy and the interaction between the two. Physics is divided into two major branches: classical physics and modern physics. Classical physics deals with matter and energy on an.

CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2024

Physics comprises many fields, which are often grouped together into subfields because of their shared similarity. The main branches of physics are classical physics, modern physics (including nuclear, particle, and condensed matter physics), engineering physics, and life sciences.

Physics is sometimes described as the most fundamental of the natural sciences. Physics is the most precise science on the planet, with most of its theories tested with an accuracy of 10−18.

The main branch of physics is classical physics, which deals with the phenomena of matter and energy. These include electromagnetism, optics, and classical mechanics. However, another branch of physics deals with the laws of nature, known as modern physics.

It has become a separate branch of science because the new laws of nature discovered through experimentation are different from the classical laws. Also, know about the courses that will give you better job opportunities after the 12th, so read the Course after 12th in detail

Units Details  Particular No. of Periods Marks
Unit–I Physical World and Measurement  







Chapter–1: Physical World
Chapter–2: Units and Measurements
Unit-II Kinematics  


Chapter–3: Motion in a Straight Line
Chapter–4: Motion in a Plane
Unit–III Laws of Motion  


Chapter–5: Laws of Motion
Unit–IV oWrk, Energy and Power  






Chapter–6: Work, Energy and Power
Unit–V The motion of the System of Particles and Rigid Body  


Chapter–7: System of Particles and Rotational Motion
Unit-VI Gravitation  


Chapter–8: Gravitation
Unit–VII Properties of Bulk Matter  









Chapter–9: Mechanical Properties of Solids
Chapter–10: Mechanical Properties of Fluids
Chapter–11: Thermal Properties of Matter
Unit–VIII Thermodynamics  


Chapter–12: Thermodynamics
Unit–IX Behaviour of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory of Gases  


Chapter–13: Kinetic Theory
Unit–X Oscillations and Waves  





Chapter–14: Oscillations
Chapter–15: Waves
Total 160 70

Unit I:   Electrostatics    

Chapter–1: Electric Charges and Fields

Electric Charges; Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle, and continuous charge distribution.

Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole, torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.

Electric flux is a statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to finding field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet, and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside).

Chapter–2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance

Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge,  a dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces, the electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges, and electric dipole in an electrostatic field.

Conductors and insulators, free charges, and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors, and capacitance, a combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor.

Unit II:  Current Electricity           18 Periods

Chapter–3: Current Electricity

Electric current, the flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor; drift velocity, mobility and their relation with electric current; Ohm’s law; electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (linear and non-linear), electrical energy and power; electrical resistivity and conductivity, Carbon resistors, color code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance.

The internal resistance of a cell, potential difference, and emf of a cell, a combination of cells in series and parallel, Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications, Wheatstone bridge, meter bridge.

Potentiometer – principle and its applications to measure potential difference and for comparing EMF of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell.

Unit III:     Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism  22 Periods

Chapter–4: Moving Charges and Magnetism

Concept of the magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment.

Biot – Savart law and its application to the current carrying circular loop.

Ampere’s law and its applications to an infinitely long straight wire. Straight and toroidal solenoids (only qualitative treatment), force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields, Cyclotron.

Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field, the force between two parallel current-carrying definitions of an ampere, torque experienced by a current loop in a uniform magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.

Chapter–5: Magnetism and Matter

Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment, magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron, magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis, torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.

Para-, dia- and ferromagnetic substances, with examples. Electromagnets and factors affecting their strengths, permanent magnets.

Unit IV:    Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents     

Chapter–6: Electromagnetic Induction

Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s laws, induced EMF and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual induction.


Chapter–7: Alternating Current

Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/voltage; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, power factor, wattless current.

AC generator and transformer.


Unit V:  Electromagnetic waves 04 Periods

Chapter–8: Electromagnetic waves

The basic idea of displacement current,                Electromagnetic waves,  their characteristics, and their Transverse nature (qualitative ideas only).

Electromagnetic spectrum             (radio waves,  microwaves,      infrared,              visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays) and elementary facts about their uses.


Unit VI:                Optics   27 Periods


Chapter–9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments

Ray Optics: Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula, refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications, optical fibers, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lensmaker’s formula, magnification, power of a lens, a combination of thin lenses in contact,  refraction of light through a prism.

Scattering of the sky’s light-blue color and the sun’s reddish appearance at sunrise and sunset.

Optical instruments: Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.


Chapter–10: Wave Optics

Wave optics:      Wavefront and Huygens principle, reflection, and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts. Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle. Interference, Young’s double-slit experiment, and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light, diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum, resolving power of microscope and astronomical telescope,  Polarisation, polarised plane light, Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarised light and Polaroids.


Unit VII:   Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter 08 Periods

Chapter–11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

Dual nature of radiation, Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation-particle nature of light.

Experimental study of the photoelectric effect

Matter waves-wave nature of particles, de-Broglie relation, Davisson-Germer experiment (experimental details should be omitted; only conclusion should be explained).


Unit VIII:   Atoms and Nuclei      15 Periods


Chapter–12: Atoms

Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum.

Chapter–13: Nuclei

Composition and size of nucleus, Radioactivity, alpha, beta, and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law, half-life and mean  life

Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number; nuclear fission, nuclear fusion.

Unit IX: Electronic Devices           12 Periods

Chapter–14: Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices, and Simple Circuits

Energy bands in conductors, semiconductors, and insulators (qualitative ideas only)

Semiconductor diode – I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier;

Special purpose p-n junction diodes: LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode and their characteristics, Zener diode as a voltage regulator.


Theory (Class: XI/XII)

Maximum Marks: 70

Duration: 3 hrs.

Typology of Questions Total




Remembering: Exhibit memory of previously learned material by recalling facts, terms, basic concepts, and answers.

Understanding: Demonstrate understanding of facts and

ideas by organizing, comparing, translating, interpreting, giving descriptions, and stating the main ideas

27 38 %
Applying: Solve problems in new situations by applying acquired knowledge, facts, techniques, and rules in a

different way.

22 32%
Analyzing: Examine and break information into parts by identifying motives or causes. Make inferences and find evidence to support generalizations

Evaluating :

Present and defend opinions by making judgments about information, the validity of ideas, or the quality of work based on a set of criteria.


Compile   information    together              in   a       different              way        by combining   elements             in a new pattern or proposing

alternative solutions.

21 30%
Total Marks 70 100


Practical: 30 Marks Note:

Internal Choice: There is no overall choice in the paper. However, at least 33% will be internal choices.

The above template is just a sample. Appropriate internal changes may be made to produce uniform templates keeping the different forms of questions and typology of questions the same.


What are the chapters of class 12 physics?

Below we have mentioned chapters of class 12 physics that will surely help those seeking chapters of class 12 physics names.

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Physics- Chapter-Wise

  •  1 Chapter  Electric Charges and Fields
  •  2 Chapter Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
  •  3 Current Chapter Electricity
  •  4 Chapter Moving Charges and Magnetism
  •  5 Chapter Magnetism and Matter
  • 6 Chapter Electromagnetic Induction
  • 7 Chapter Alternating Current

What is the syllabus of physics in 2024?

Unit-III Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism 17
Chapter–4: Moving Charges and Magnetism
Chapter–5: Magnetism and Matter
Unit-IV Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents


Is class 12 physics easy?

It is a fact that physics taught in classes 10th and 12th is easier than competitive exams. This is the hardest and most conceptual part of physics; it takes time and patience to learn. So be patient and learn the mechanics thoroughly

Which topics are removed from Physics 12?

Let us look at some of the removed Physics syllabi chapter-wise given below.

Para-, dia- and ferromagnetic substances, with examples. Electromagnets and factors affecting their strengths, permanent magnets. Scattering of light–the sky’s blue color and the sun’s reddish appearance at sunrise and sunset.

How many chapters are in 11th physics?

The physics syllabus for class 11 consists of 10 units with 15 chapters in 11 physics classes 11. These chapters focus on fundamental concepts such as the law of motion, gravity, the properties of matter, and thermodynamics.

How can I study physics?

Physics is a broad and interesting subject, but sometimes students take it as taught and wonder how they can study. If you are the same person, follow some guidelines below, which will help you study Physics well.

Tips on how to study physics effectively

  • Listen to your intuition. Have you ever thrown a ball or played a sport
  • Think conceptually. Compared to most subjects, Physics is beyond simple memorization and review
  • Keep reading and keep reading
  • Drill down core concepts
  • Catch up on math
  • Go to the area

What is the syllabus of 12th Physics?

The detailed CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2024 is mentioned above, so you need to check the syllabus to start your preparation.

Download CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2024 (PDF)

Final Lines!

Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines, perhaps the oldest, through its inclusion of astronomy. Over the last two millennia, physics, chemistry, biology, and certain branches of mathematics have been a part of natural philosophy.

Still, during the Scientific Revolution in the 16th century, these natural sciences emerged as unique research disciplines in their own right.

If you are in the science stream and want to know about the latest CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2024 so that you can download it in PDF and start preparing for the upcoming examination, then the provided above syllabus will undoubtedly be useful for you and will undoubtedly play a vital role in assisting you in achieving good grades in your upcoming examination.

So, get all the details about the physics syllabus for class 12 in CBSE 2024 term 1 and also learn about the class 12 physics reduced syllabus PDF.

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