CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2024 is given below: Physics is a subject that studies natural phenomena. It deals with three main branches- electromagnetism, optics, and mechanics. Physics studies forces, energy, waves, sound, light, heat, magnetism, and electricity. This section will give you the complete class 12 physics syllabus.
Physics is the study of matter and energy and the interaction between the two. Physics is divided into two major branches: classical physics and modern physics. Classical physics deals with matter and energy on an.
Physics comprises many fields, which are often grouped together into subfields because of their shared similarity. The main branches of physics are classical physics, modern physics (including nuclear, particle, and condensed matter physics), engineering physics, and life sciences.
Physics is sometimes described as the most fundamental of the natural sciences. Physics is the most precise science on the planet, with most of its theories tested with an accuracy of 10−18.
The main branch of physics is classical physics, which deals with the phenomena of matter and energy. These include electromagnetism, optics, and classical mechanics. However, another branch of physics deals with the laws of nature, known as modern physics.
It has become a separate branch of science because the new laws of nature discovered through experimentation are different from the classical laws. Also, know about the courses that will give you better job opportunities after the 12th, so read the Course after 12th in detail
|Units Details||Particular||No. of Periods||Marks|
|Unit–I||Physical World and Measurement||
|Chapter–1: Physical World|
|Chapter–2: Units and Measurements|
|Chapter–3: Motion in a Straight Line|
|Chapter–4: Motion in a Plane|
|Unit–III||Laws of Motion||
|Chapter–5: Laws of Motion|
|Unit–IV||oWrk, Energy and Power||
|Chapter–6: Work, Energy and Power|
|Unit–V||The motion of the System of Particles and Rigid Body||
|Chapter–7: System of Particles and Rotational Motion|
|Unit–VII||Properties of Bulk Matter||
|Chapter–9: Mechanical Properties of Solids|
|Chapter–10: Mechanical Properties of Fluids|
|Chapter–11: Thermal Properties of Matter|
|Unit–IX||Behaviour of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory of Gases||
|Chapter–13: Kinetic Theory|
|Unit–X||Oscillations and Waves||
Electric Charges; Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle, and continuous charge distribution.
Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole, torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.
Electric flux is a statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to finding field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet, and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside).
Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces, the electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges, and electric dipole in an electrostatic field.
Conductors and insulators, free charges, and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors, and capacitance, a combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor.
Electric current, the flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor; drift velocity, mobility and their relation with electric current; Ohm’s law; electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (linear and non-linear), electrical energy and power; electrical resistivity and conductivity, Carbon resistors, color code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance.
The internal resistance of a cell, potential difference, and emf of a cell, a combination of cells in series and parallel, Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications, Wheatstone bridge, meter bridge.
Potentiometer – principle and its applications to measure potential difference and for comparing EMF of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell.
Concept of the magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment.
Biot – Savart law and its application to the current carrying circular loop.
Ampere’s law and its applications to an infinitely long straight wire. Straight and toroidal solenoids (only qualitative treatment), force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields, Cyclotron.
Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field, the force between two parallel current-carrying definitions of an ampere, torque experienced by a current loop in a uniform magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment, magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron, magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis, torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.
Para-, dia- and ferromagnetic substances, with examples. Electromagnets and factors affecting their strengths, permanent magnets.
Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s laws, induced EMF and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual induction.
Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/voltage; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, power factor, wattless current.
AC generator and transformer.
The basic idea of displacement current, Electromagnetic waves, their characteristics, and their Transverse nature (qualitative ideas only).
Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays) and elementary facts about their uses.
Ray Optics: Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula, refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications, optical fibers, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lensmaker’s formula, magnification, power of a lens, a combination of thin lenses in contact, refraction of light through a prism.
Scattering of the sky’s light-blue color and the sun’s reddish appearance at sunrise and sunset.
Optical instruments: Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.
Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens principle, reflection, and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts. Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle. Interference, Young’s double-slit experiment, and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light, diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum, resolving power of microscope and astronomical telescope, Polarisation, polarised plane light, Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarised light and Polaroids.
Dual nature of radiation, Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation-particle nature of light.
Experimental study of the photoelectric effect
Matter waves-wave nature of particles, de-Broglie relation, Davisson-Germer experiment (experimental details should be omitted; only conclusion should be explained).
Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum.
Composition and size of nucleus, Radioactivity, alpha, beta, and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law, half-life and mean life
Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number; nuclear fission, nuclear fusion.
Energy bands in conductors, semiconductors, and insulators (qualitative ideas only)
Semiconductor diode – I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier;
Special purpose p-n junction diodes: LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode and their characteristics, Zener diode as a voltage regulator.
Theory (Class: XI/XII)
Maximum Marks: 70
Duration: 3 hrs.
|Typology of Questions||Total
|Remembering: Exhibit memory of previously learned material by recalling facts, terms, basic concepts, and answers.
Understanding: Demonstrate understanding of facts and
ideas by organizing, comparing, translating, interpreting, giving descriptions, and stating the main ideas
|Applying: Solve problems in new situations by applying acquired knowledge, facts, techniques, and rules in a
|Analyzing: Examine and break information into parts by identifying motives or causes. Make inferences and find evidence to support generalizations
Present and defend opinions by making judgments about information, the validity of ideas, or the quality of work based on a set of criteria.
Compile information together in a different way by combining elements in a new pattern or proposing
Internal Choice: There is no overall choice in the paper. However, at least 33% will be internal choices.
The above template is just a sample. Appropriate internal changes may be made to produce uniform templates keeping the different forms of questions and typology of questions the same.
Below we have mentioned chapters of class 12 physics that will surely help those seeking chapters of class 12 physics names.
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Physics- Chapter-Wise
|Unit-III||Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism||17|
|Chapter–4: Moving Charges and Magnetism|
|Chapter–5: Magnetism and Matter|
|Unit-IV||Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents|
It is a fact that physics taught in classes 10th and 12th is easier than competitive exams. This is the hardest and most conceptual part of physics; it takes time and patience to learn. So be patient and learn the mechanics thoroughly
Let us look at some of the removed Physics syllabi chapter-wise given below.
Para-, dia- and ferromagnetic substances, with examples. Electromagnets and factors affecting their strengths, permanent magnets. Scattering of light–the sky’s blue color and the sun’s reddish appearance at sunrise and sunset.
The physics syllabus for class 11 consists of 10 units with 15 chapters in 11 physics classes 11. These chapters focus on fundamental concepts such as the law of motion, gravity, the properties of matter, and thermodynamics.
Physics is a broad and interesting subject, but sometimes students take it as taught and wonder how they can study. If you are the same person, follow some guidelines below, which will help you study Physics well.
Tips on how to study physics effectively
The detailed CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2024 is mentioned above, so you need to check the syllabus to start your preparation.
Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines, perhaps the oldest, through its inclusion of astronomy. Over the last two millennia, physics, chemistry, biology, and certain branches of mathematics have been a part of natural philosophy.
Still, during the Scientific Revolution in the 16th century, these natural sciences emerged as unique research disciplines in their own right.
If you are in the science stream and want to know about the latest CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2024 so that you can download it in PDF and start preparing for the upcoming examination, then the provided above syllabus will undoubtedly be useful for you and will undoubtedly play a vital role in assisting you in achieving good grades in your upcoming examination.
So, get all the details about the physics syllabus for class 12 in CBSE 2024 term 1 and also learn about the class 12 physics reduced syllabus PDF.