MBBS Course 2024 Qualification, and Career options


MBBS Course in India 2024, also known as Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, is a medical degree. It is a required medical qualification in India and is usually obtained from a medical school or university. MBBS Course in India is a 3 or 4-year course depending on whether you study in India or abroad, and is usually taught in English. The first two years are usually spent in classrooms and lecture theatres, with the final year focusing on clinical placements and hands-on experience.

The medical field is one of the most rewarding and challenging careers that a person can choose. It requires intense study, a lot of hard work, and a commitment to helping others. The road to becoming a doctor is a long one, but it is also full of opportunities and experiences that can shape the rest of your life.

MBBS Highlights!

Course Name Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Popular Name MBBS
Type of Course Degree
Level of Exam Undergraduate
Field Healthcare
Eligibility Criteria 10+2 with physics, chemistry, and biology
Popular Entrance Exam National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test [NEET]
mbbs course duration 5.5 years
Average Fee Rs. 71,000 to Rs.2,100,000
Average Salary Rs. 360,000 per annum
Career Opportunities Physician, Doctor, Endocrinologist, Pathologist, Neurologist, Cardiologist, Gynaecologist

 MBBS Course 2024: Exam Pattern, Eligibility Criteria, Qualification, and Career Options

MBBS Course in India is a full-time medical course and MBBS course duration is 5 years and 6 months. The full form of MBBS is Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery. In this course, the student learns about the formulations of medicines and surgery. Anyone can get a seat in the topmost medical colleges in India by qualifying for the MBBS Examination.

This exam is held once a year and you can check the details of this examination on the official MBBS website. This examination consists of 5 subjects i.e., Physics, Chemistry, Biology. General knowledge and Logical aptitude. You have to prepare for these subjects if you have applied for the MBBS entrance examination.

Additionally, there are certain criteria to apply for the MBBS examination. The candidate should have opted for Physics, Chemistry, and Biology in their intermediate and have qualified with 50 % marks.

Also, they should have adequate knowledge of English as it will be required in colleges and universities. Among the total seats, 60% of seats are reserved for General Category students whereas 40% is for other categories. Also, different colleges have a different distribution of seats as per the total available seats.

Read-AIIMS MBBS Course 2024 Application Form (Out), Dates, Eligibility

The BMMS entrance examination is slightly difficult compared to other competitive examinations. This will be a computer-based examination where students have to answer multiple-choice types of questions. Students are eligible to be admission to any MCI or UGC-approved colleges after qualifying for the MBBS entrance examination.

If you are preparing for the MBBS entrance examination then you should talk to an expert to collect complete knowledge about this examination. Spin-On Education is a website that is engaged in providing updated information on various examinations to students.

We have expert professors who themselves have qualified for multiple competitive examinations and have adequate information about this examination.

They will tell you the correct way of preparing for an MBBS examination along with the weightage of particular topics. Also, they have records of previous years’ papers that will help you to get an idea about the examination.

MBBS Course 2024 Eligibility

  • The eligibility for the course is 12th and the minimum percentage required is 50% for Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.
  • English is mandatory for universities and colleges. For admission at least 60% for the general category is required and 50% for the reserved categories is required.
  • For different universities the criteria are different.

Key Skills Required for MBBS Course

The term “MBBS course” refers to the medical education program in India. MBBS is the first professional degree for doctors and is a prerequisite for specialized medical degrees such as MD, DDS, and DPM. MBBS is a five-year university-based program, which includes a one-year pre-clinical phase, followed by a four-year clinical phase.

The pre-clinical phase includes classes in the sciences, biochemistry, pharmacology, and pathology. Below we have furnished some needed Key skills that required pursuing an MBBS Course in India. So let’s draw your attention to the below section and grab the entire information in one go.

  1. Professionalism
  2. Resilience
  3. Leadership skills
  4. Quick thinking
  5. Quick to find solutions
  6. Capacity for learning
  7. Hardworking
  8. Considerate
  9. Teamworking skills
  10. Quick decision-making skills
  11. Problem-solving skills
  12. Good communication skills
  13. Attention to details
  14. Emotional intelligence


Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) Syllabus 2024

MBBS is a comprehensive medical education program, which imparts a wide range of medical knowledge to its students. Students are taught the principles of medicine, surgery, gynecology, pediatrics, psychiatry, obstetrics, and other specialties.

MBBS Syllabus 2024 has been designed by academicians and professionals in the field of medicine, keeping in mind the requirements and background of our students. Below we have furnished the top MBBS course in India that is designed to help students get ready for their final MBBS exams.

Phase Semester Subjects Covered
Pre-clinical 1st and 2nd Semester Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology
Para-clinical 3rd, 4th and 5th Semester Community Medicine, Microbiology, Pathology, Forensic Medicine, Pharmacology, Clinical postings inwards, OPDs
Clinical 6th, 7th, 8th, and 9th Semester Community Medicine, Obst. Gynae, Medicine and Allied Subjects (Psychiatry, Dermatology), Pediatrics Surgery and Allied Subjects (Anesthesiology, E.N.T., Ophthalmology, Orthopedics), Clinical Postings

MBBS Course 2024 Syllabus in Detailed


  • Anatomy – Embryology, Genetics, Neuroanatomy, Gross Anatomy, Microanatomy.
  • Biochemistry– Food assimilation, and nutrition, Hormones, Molecular Biology, Molecular Biology, Immunology, Environmental biochemistry, cancer and cancer makers, biological cells, Biomolecules, Enzymes, Metabolic pathways, their regulation, and metabolic interrelationships,
  • Physiology-Gastrointestinal System, Nutrition, Environmental Physiology, Reproduction, Kidney, Neurophysiology, Yoga, General Physiology, nerve–muscle, Blood, Respiratory System, Cardiovascular System,


  • Forensic Medicine & Toxicology– Toxicology, Forensic Medicine.
  • Microbiology– Host-Parasite relationship, Bacterial and Viral Genetics, Immunity to infection, Immunodiagnostic, Vaccines, Sterilisation and disinfection, Bacteriology of water and air, Microbiology, Bacteriology, Bacterial Staining and Cultivation, Common Tests for Bacterial identification, parasitology, Virology, Laboratory Diagnosis of Viral Infection, Mycology, Common Laboratory Methods for Diagnosis of Fungal Infections, Collection of Transport of Samples,, Microorganisms associated with gastrointestinal infections, Gastrointestinal infections caused by parasites.
  • Pathology– General Pathology, Systemic Pathology, Practical
  • Pharmacology -Central nervous system, General Pharmacology, Autonomic nervous system & Peripheral nervous system Autacoids, Cardiovascular system, Gastrointestinal and respiratory system, Hormones, Chemotherapy, Miscellaneous.


  • Anaesthesiology –Oropharyngeal/Nasopharyngeal Airway insertion, Bag-Mask Ventilation, attaching pulse oximeter, BP cuff, and ECG electrodes and setting up a monitor, Preoperative evaluation & optimization, Skills I/V, Cannulation.
  • Community Medicine– Rehabilitation, Epidemiology of Communicable Diseases and Non-communicable Diseases, Important National Health Programmes, Occupational Health, Health Administration, Health Economics, Geriatrics, Counselling.
  • Behavioural Sciences, Health Education, Environment, Biostatistics, Epidemiology, Nutrition, Maternal & Child Health, Dermatology, and Venereology– Urticaria, erythema multi-formed, Vesicular-bullous diseases, Epidermoptids, Psoriasis, Pathogenesis, Syphilis, Gonococcal and Non-gonococcal infections, HIV infection, Dermatological Emergencies, Ineffective dermatoses, Infective dermatoses, Infestations, Melanin synthesis, Allergic disorders, Drug eruptions.
  • Medicine – Pain management and palliative care, Medical Psychiatry, Poisonings, Specific environmental and occupational hazards, Immune response and Infections, Cardiovascular system, Clinical Pharmacology, Nutritional and metabolic disorders, Water, electrolyte and acid-base imbalance, Critical care Medicine.
  • Obstetrics & Gynaecology– Basic Sciences, Obstetrics, Gynaecology, Contraception, Neonatology, and Recent Advances.
  • Ophthalmology– Microbiology in relation to eye, Pathology in relation to eye, Pharmacology in relation to eye, Disorders of the Lid, Disorders of the Lacrimal Apparatus, Conjunctivitis & Ophthalmia Neonatorum, Trachoma & Another chronic conjunctivitis, Keratitis and corneal ulcers, Corneal ulcer, Scleritis & Episcleritis.
  • Orthopaedics– Paediatric Orthopaedics, Orthopaedic Oncology, Management of Trauma, Sports Medicine, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Orthopaedic Neurology, Disorders of Spine, Radiology, Fracture.
  • Otorhinolaryngology– Oral cavity and oropharynx, Ear, Instruments, Operative Procedures, X-ray.
  • Paediatrics – Cardiovascular system, Genito-Urinary System, Neonatology, Paediatrics Emergencies, Fluid-Electrolyte, Genetics, Behavioural Problems, Paediatrics Surgical Problems, Therapeutics, Vital statistics, Growth and development, Nutrition, Immunization, Infectious diseases, Haematology, Respiratory system, Gastro-Intestinal Tract, Central Nervous System.
  • Psychiatry– Schizophrenia, Bipolar disorders, Depression, Anxiety neurosis, phobia, and OCD, Behavioural Sciences, Emotion and its application to health, Cognitive process and memory, psychiatric disorders, personality disorders.
  • Surgery– Skin, Head and Neck region, Arteries, Veins, Breast, Oesophagus, Stomach and duodenum, small intestine, colon and rectum, Appendix, Acute abdomen, Urology.

Application Process

Application process

Candidates are advised to follow the online instructions that will be required when they appear for the MBBS examination. The aspirants must follow the site for every notification which is uploaded by the medical authorities in India. Candidates have to follow the criteria that are mandatory when they appear for the examination.

The medical line in itself is such a huge responsibility and is a proud moment as the candidate qualifies for the entrance exam. The entire paper is divided into 5 sections which comprise.

  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology (Botany & zoology)
  • General knowledge
  • Aptitude and logical thinking

The paper is set in both English and Hindi language for all citizens of India. While filling out the application form mention your preferred language in the form so that it is easy for a candidate to qualify for the exam as given.

AIIMS MBBS Exam Pattern 2024

Particulars Details
Exam Date May 30, 31
Mode Of Exam Computer-based mode
Exam Shifts 4, two shifts two days
Shifts Timing Objective type questions
Shift timing Morning shift: 09:00 AM to 12:30 PM

Evening shift: 03:00 PM to 06:30 PM


Total time 3 hours 30 minutes
Types of questions Objective type questions
Total number of questions 200 questions including assertions
Total marks 200 marks
Medium of exam English and Hindi
Marking scheme 1 for the correct answer and one Third deduct for negative marking

Subject-Wise Exam Pattern For MBBS

Subject No Of Questions
physics 60
chemistry 60
biology 60
General science 10
Aptitude & logical thinking 10
Total 200

Careers Opportunities after MBBS 2024

If you have successfully completed your MBBS, you may want to choose a career that involves the same level of responsibility, independence, and high-pressure situations. There are several career options available to you, like teaching, research, research management, research administration, nursing, and so on. However, the one that interests you the most will depend on your passion and interest. The most important thing is to choose a career that you truly love and are good at.

You can go to work in a variety of different fields. Your background and training will determine the area of specialization in which you choose to work. Some common jobs include physician assistant, physician, cardiologist, pediatrician, allergist, gastroenterologist, nephrologist, orthopedic surgeon, oncologist, pathologist, pulmonologist, radiologist, etc. The job you choose will be determined by your area of interest, training, and capabilities.

MBBS Salary 2024

A career as a medical doctor is one of the highest-paying and most respected types of a graduate degree. Medical school tuition is quite expensive, and the salaries of practicing physicians are among the highest of all occupations. According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, medical specialists and surgeons had the highest median annual salaries of $166,590 and $186,170, respectively. The following careers are all in the medical field and offer various levels of pay and opportunities for specialization.

The median base salary for an MBBS doctor is INR 2,60,000 in India. This is a little over USD 400 per month. You can increase your salary with experience and according to the school you choose. Most students in India pursue a government job after graduation.

Below Table, we have furnished a year-wise salary for MBBS so let’s draw your attention to the below section and grab the entire information.

Experience (in years) Salary scale from Salary scale up to
0-6 years 3 to 4 lakh per annum 6 to 8 lakh per annum
6-12 years 8 to 10 lakh per annum 10 to 12 lakh per annum
12-20 years 12 to 15 lakh per annum 15 to 18 lakh per annum

Career options after completing MBBS Course 2024

There are lots of options for an MBBS-qualified aspirant. They can either work for an origination, be a healthcare expert, or set up their own business in this field. There are so many pharmaceutical companies that hire MBBS graduates in their companies.

Otherwise, there is another option to open a pharma shop or be a physical and provide consultation to the patients. Apart from this, the major objective of most of the MBBS candidates is to become a doctor. Candidates can continue their studies and pursue their post-graduation courses (MD/MS) to become qualified doctors.

MBBS full form is a bachelor of medicine and bachelor of surgery. Different institutes and universities which are affiliated are the ones from where the students can take education.

Other Popular Medical Degrees

  • BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery)
  • BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
  • CH (Master of Chirurgiae)
  • MD (Doctor of Medicine)
  • BUMS (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery)
  • BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery)
  • MDS (Master of Dental Surgery)